New Delhi: The Union Cabinet today approved the National Medical Commission (NMC) Bill, 2019 that provides for the setting up of a medical commission replacing Medical Council of India (MCI).
The Bill also aims at repealing the Indian Medical Council Act, 1956.
With the NMC Bill 2019, the Common Final year MBBS exams will be known as National Exit Test (NEXT) and would serve as licentiate exam, for entrance to PG medical courses and as screening test for foreign medical graduates, an official release said.
“The Bill provides that the national entrance test i.e. NEET, common counselling and NEXT shall also be applicable to Institutes of National Importance (INIs) like AIIMS to have common standards in the country,” the release said.
“The Commission will regulate fee and all other charges for 50 per cent seats in private medical colleges and deemed universities,” it added.
The Medical Assessment and Rating Board (MARB) will conduct assessment to the medical college and develop a system of ranking medical colleges which would enable the students to chose the medical college wisely, it further stated.
“These measures will ensure a transparent admission process and also bring down admission fee,” it said.
The National Medical Commission will have four Autonomous Boards, namely Under-Graduate Medical Education Board, Post-Graduate Medical Education Board, Medical Assessment and Rating Board and Ethics and Medical Registration Board.
NMC and the respective Boards will ensure a dynamic and modern educational environment, decreasing the emphasis on physical infrastructure, achieving the norms in global standards and an effective grievance redressal mechanism, the release said.
“Greater representation to elected members through State Medical Councils has been provided in the Medical Advisory Council and the Commission,” it added.
“The strength of the Autonomous Boards has been increased from 3 to 5 and it includes 2 part-time members. One of them will be a doctor selected by the Government and the other will be an elected doctor from State Medical Council,” the release said.
“The Medical Assessment and Rating Board will grant permission for new medical colleges, starting PG course and increase of seats based on the standards set by the UG and PG boards. The annual renew permission for new medical colleges before recognition is being done away with,” it said.
Meanwhile, the Bill has been facing strong criticisms from various sections including the Indian Medical Association (IMA) who consider replacing MCI with another body may attract new forms of corruption.